Alehagen, S., Wijma, B., Lundberg, U. and Wijma, K. (2005) Fear, pain and stress hormones during childbirth. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 26 (3), p.153-165.
Anderson, T. (2000) Feeling safe enough to let go: the relationship between a woman and her midwife during the second stage of labour. In: Kirkham, M. (ed) The Midwife-Mother relationship. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.
Bale, TL., Davis, AM., Auger, AP., Dorsa, DM. and McCarthy MM. (2001) CNS region-specific oxytocin receptor expression: importance in regulation of anxiety and sex behaviour. The Journal of Neuroscience, 21 (7), p.2546-2552.
Balit, JL., Dierker, L., Blachard, MH. (2005) Outcomes of women presenting in active versus latent phase of spontaneous labour. Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 105 (1), p.77-79.
Banks, M. (1998) Breech Birth. Woman-Wise. New Zeland: Birthspirit Ltd.
Barnett, C., Hundley, V., Cheyne, H. and Kane, F. (2008) “Not in labour”: Impact of sending women home in the latent phase. British Journal of Midwifery, 16 (3), p.144-153.
Baston, H. (2005) Midwifery basics: postnatal care in the community. The Practising Midwife 8(3), p. 35-40.
Baston, H., Rijnders, M., Green, JM. and Buitendijk, S. (2008) Looking back on birth three years later: factors associated with a negative appraisal in England and in the Netherlands. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 26 (4), p.323-339.
Baxter, J (2007) Care duiring the latent phase of labour: supporting normal birth. British Journal of Midwifery, 15 (12), p.765-767.
Baumgartner, T., Heinrichs, M., Vonlanthen, A., Fischbacher, U. and Fehr, E. (2008) Oxytocin shapes the neural circuitry of trust and trust adaptation in humans. Neuron, 58 (4), p.639-650.
Berg, M; Terstad, A. (2006) Swedish women’s experiences of doula support during childbirth. Midwifery 22, p: 330-338.
Bromley, A. (2007) Autonomous Practice: a Critical Investigation. In: Billington, M and Stevenson, M. (eds.) Critical Care in Childbearing for Midwives. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Buckley, S. (2009) Gentle Birth, Gentle Mothering. New York: Celestial Arts.
Butchart, M., Carr, V., Dugard, P., Paul, J., and Symon, A. (2007) Self-Rated “No-“ and “Low-“ Risk Pregnancy: A comparison of Outcomes for Women in Obstetric-Led and Midwife-Led Units in England. Birth, 34 (4), p. 323-207.
Camann, W. (2002) Regional analgesia in labour permits childbirth without fear. British Medical Journal, 325, p. 103.
Campbell, R. and Macfarlane, A. (1994) Where to be born? Oxford: Oxford university Press.
Carlsson, IM., Hallberg, IRM. and Odberg Peterson, K. (2007) Swedish women’s experiences of seeking care and being admitted during the latent phase of labour: a grounded theory study. Midwifery. 25 (2), p.172-180..
Cheyne, H., Terry, R., Miven, C., Dowding, D., Hundley, V. and McNamee, P. (2007) Should I come in now?: A Study of women’s early labour experiences. British Journal of Midwifery, 15 (10), p.604-609.
Colmes, P., Oppenheimer, LW and Shi Wu, W. (2001) The relatioship between cervical dilatation at the inicial presentation in labour and subsequent intervention. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 108 (11), p.1120-1124.
Coyle, ME., Smith, C. and Peat, B. (2010) Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation. [Systematic Review] Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 11.
Dick-Read, G. (2004) Childbirth Without Fear. London: Printer & Martin Classics.
Downe, S. (2007) Hospital is the best place for all women to give birth. British Journal of Midwifery, 15 (3), p.156
Downe, S. and McCourt, C. (2008) From Being to Becoming: Reconstructing Childbirth Knowledge. In: Downe, S. (ed.) Normal Childbirth: Evidence and Debate. 2nd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone.
Edwards, NP. (2000) Women planning homebirths. In: Kirkham, M. (ed) The Midwife-Mother Relationship. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.
Edwards, NP. (2009) Women’s emotion work in the context of current maternity services. In: Hunter, B. and Deery, R. (eds) Emotions in Midwifery and Reproduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Eriksson, C., Westman, G. and Hamberg, K. (2006) Content of childbirth-related fear in Swedish women and men: Analysis of an open-ended question. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 51 (2), p. 112-118.
Fairbrother, N. and Woody, SR. (2007) Fear of childbirth and obstetrical events as predictors of postnatal symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 28 (4), p.239-242.
Fahy, K. (2008) Theorising birth territory. In: Fahy, K., Foureur, M. and Hastie, C. (eds). BirthTerritory and Midwifery Guardianship: A Theory for Midwifery Practice, Research and Education. London: Elsevier.
Fahy, K. and Hastie, C. (2008) Midwifery Guardianship: Reclaiming the Sacred in Birth. In: Fahy, K., Foureur, M. and Hastie, C. (eds.) BirthTerritory and Midwifery
Goldbort, J. (2002) Postpartum depression: bridging the gap between medicalized birth and social support. Internacional Journal of Childbirth Education 17(4), p:11-17.
Fisher, C., Hauck, Y. and Fenwick, J. (2006) How social context impacts on women’s fears of childbirth: A western Australian example. Social Science & Medicine, 63 (1), p.64-75.
Fox, S. (2007) Campaign for Normal Birth: support in early labour. Midwives, 10 (7), p.319.
Foureur, M. (2008) Creating Birth Space to Enable Undisturbed Birth. In: Fahy, K., Foureur, M. and Hastie, C. (eds.) BirthTerritory and Midwifery Guardianship: A Theory for Midwifery Practice, Research and Education. London: Elsevier.
Glover, V. and O’Connor, T. (2006) Maternal anxiety: Its effect on the fetus and the child. British Journal of Midwifery, 14 (11), p.663-667.
Hastie, C. and Fahy, KM. (2009) Optimising psychophysiology in third stage of labour: theory applied to practice. Women and Birth, 22 (3), p.89-96.
Healthcare Commission (2008) Towards better births: a review of maternity services in England. [online]. London: Commission for Health Audit and Inspection. Available from: <www.healthcarecommission.org.uk/_db/_documents/Towards_better_births.pdf> [Accessed 12 September 2011].
Heinrichs, M. Baumgarten, T., Kirschbaum, C. and Ehlert, U. (2003) Social support and oxytocin interact to suppress cortisol and subjective responses to psychosocial stress. Biological Psychiatry, 54 (12), p.1389-1398.
Heinrichs, M. and Domes, G. (2008) Neuropeptides and social behaviour: effects of oxytocin and vasopressin in humans. Progress in Brain Research, 170, p.337-350.
Heptinstall, T. and Lee, G. (2004) Place of Birth. In: Henderson, C. and Macdonald, S. (eds) Mayes’ Midwifery: A Textbook for Midwives. Edinburgh: Baillière Tindall
Hodnett, ED., Gates, S., Hofmeyr, GJ. and Sakala, C. (2009) Continuous support for women during childbirth. [Systematic Review] Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3.
Hofmeyr, GJ. and Kulier, R. (2010) Cephalic version by postural management for breech presentation. [Systematic Review] Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 8.
Hollins Martin, CJ. (2008) Birth planning for midwives and mothers. British Journal of Midwifery, 16 (9), p.583-587.
Huber, D., Veinante, P. and Stoop, R. (2005) Vasopressin and oxytocin excite distinct neuronal populations in the Central Amygdala. Science, 308 (5719), p.245-248.
Hundley, V. and Ryan, M. (2004) Are women’s expectations and preferentes for intrapartum care affected by the model of care on offer? British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 11 (6), p.550-560.
International Confederation of Midwives (2005) Definition of the Midwife. ICM Council Meeting [online]. Brisbane: International Confederation of Midwives. Available from: http://www.internationalmidwives.org (Accessed 14 October 2011).
Jay, A. (2008) Effective Postnatal Care. In: Peate, I. and Hamilton, C. (eds) Becoming a Midwife in the 21st Century. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Jones, SR. (2005) Making Ethical Decisions. In: Raynor, MD., Marshall, JE. and Sullivan, A. (eds.) Decision Making in Midwifery Practice. London: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.
Kapoor, A; Dunn, E; Kostaki, A; Adrews, MH; Matthews, SG. (2006) Fetal programming of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal function: prenatal stress and glucocorticoids. The Journal of Physiology. 572, p.31-44.
Kightley, R. (2007) Fetal consciousness and the midwife. British Journal of Midwifery, 15 (1), p.8-11.
Kirsch, P., Esslinger, C., Chen, Q., Mier, D., Lis, S., Siddhanti, S., Gruppe, H., Mattay, VS., Gallhofer, B. and Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2005) Oxytocin modulates neural circuitry for social cognition and fear in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience, 25 (49), p.11489-11493.
Klein, MC., Kelly, A., Kaczorowski, J. and Grzyboxski, S (2003) The effect of family physician timing of maternal admisión on procedures in labour and maternal and infant morbidity. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Canada, 26 (7), p.641-645.
Kosfeld, M., Heinrichs, M., Zak, PJ., Fischbacher, U. and Fehr, E. (2005) Oxytocin increases trust in humans. Nature, 435 (7042), p.673-676.
Lambeth, L. (2010). My experiences of becoming a doula. MIDIRS: midwifery Digest 20 (1), p:55-56.
Langer A, Campero L, Garcia C et al. (1998). Effects of psychological support during labour and childbirth on breastfeeding, medical interventions and moders’ wellbeeing in a Mexican public hospital: a randomised clinical trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 105 (10), p: 1056-63.
Lee, HJ., Macbeth, AH., Pagani, J. and Young, WS. (2009) Oxytocin: the Great Facilitator of Life. Progress in Neurobiology, 88 (2), p.127-151.
Leeds. L. and Hargreaves, I. (2008) The psychological consequences of childbirth. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 26 (2), p. 108-122.
Lobel, M. and DeLuca, RS. (2007) Psychosocial sequelae of cesarean delivery: Review and analysis of their causes and implications. Social Science & Medicine, 64 (11), p.2272-2284.
Lyberg, A. and Severinsson, E. (2010) Fear of childbirth: Mother’s experiences of team-midwifery care – a follow-up study. Journal of Nursing Management, 18, p.383-390.
Maggioni, C., Margola, D. and Filippi, F. (2006) PTSD, risk factors and expectations among women having a baby: A two-wave longitudinal study. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 27 (2), p.81-90.
Maternity Care Working Party (MCWP) (2007) Making Normal Birth a Reality. London: The National Childbirth Trust, Royal College of Midwives, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
McGaugh, JL. (2004) The amygdala modulates the consolidation of memories of emotionally arousing experiences. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 27, p.1-28
McGrath SK, Kennell JH. (2008) A randomized controlled trial of continuous labour support for middle-class copules; effect on cesarean delivery rates. Birth 35(2), p: 92-97.
Mead, M. (2008) Clinical Decision Making. In: Peate, I. and Hamilton, C. (eds.) Becoming a Midwife in the 21st Century. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Melender, HL. (2006) What constitutes a good childbirth? A qualitative study of pregnant Finnish women. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 51 (5), p. 331-339.
Midirs. Midwives information and resources service. (2008). Place of Birth for professionals. Informed choice, 10
Midwifery 2020 (2010) Midwifery 2020: Delivering Expectations. Cambridge: Midwifery 2020 Programme.
National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (2006) Routine Postanatal Care for women and their Babies.. NICE Clinical Guideline 37. London: NICE
National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (2007) Intrapartum care: Care of Healthy Women and Their Babies During Childbirth. NICE Clinical Guideline 55. London: NICE.
Nilsson, C., Bondas, T. and Lundgren, I. (2010) Previous birth experience in women with intense fear of childbirth. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 39 (3), p.298-309.
Nursing and Midwifery Council (2004) Midwives Rules and Standards. London: Nursing and Midwifery Council.
Odent, M. (2009) Exploring the Ultimate Steps of the Birth Ladder. In Odent, M. (ed.) The Functions of the Orgasms. The Highways to Transcendence. London: Pinter & Martin.
Odent, M. (2010). New Criteria to evaluate the Practices of Obstetrics and Midwifery. The Mid-Atlantic Conference on Birth and Primal Health Research held at Las Palmas de Gran Canarias, Spain.
Olde, E., van der Hart, O., Kleber, R. and van Son, M. (2006) Posttraumatic stress following childbirth: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 26 (1), p.1-16.
Page, L. (2008) Being a Midwife to Midwifery: Transforming Midwifery Services. In: Fahy, K., Foureur, M. and Hastie, C. (eds.) Birth Territory and Midwifery Guardianship: A Theory for Midwifery Practice, Research and Education. London: Elsevier.
Paradice, R. (2002) Psychology for Midwives. Dinton: Mark Allen Publishing Ltd.
Porter, S., Crozier, K., Sinclair, M. and Kernohan, G. (2007) New midwifery? A qualitative analysis of midwives’ decision-making strategies. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60 (5), p.525-534.
Rouhe, H., Salmela-Aro, K., Halmesmäki, E. and Saisto, T. (2008) Fear of childbirth according to parity, gestational age, and obstetric history. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 116, p. 67-73.
RoyalCollege of Midwives (2008) Second Stage of Labour Practice Points. Practice Guidelines [online]. London: RoyalCollege of Midwives. Available from: http://www.rcm.org.uk/college/standards-and-practice/practice-guidelines/ (Accessed 13 October 2010).
Sarries Zgonc, I (2011) The breech: from experience to knowledge. MIDIRS Midwifery Digest. 21(1), p.37-40
Simkin, P. and Ancheta, R. (2000) The Labour Progress Handbook. Blackwell Science: Oxford
Slade, P. (2006) Towards a conceptual framework for understanding post-traumatic stress symptoms following childbirth and implications for further research. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 27 (2), p.99-105.
Slattery, DA. and Neumann, ID. (2008) No stress please! Mechanisms of stress hyporesponsiveness of the maternal brain. The Journal of Physiology, 586 (2), 377-385.
Stadlmayr, W., Amsler, F., Lemola, S., Stein, S., Alt, M., Bürgin, D., Surbek, D. and Bitzer, J. (2006) Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 27 (4), p. 211-224.
Stockon, A. Mother’s mouthpiece or clinician’s curse: the doula debate continues. MIDIRS: midwifery Digest 20 (1), p:57-58.
Thompson, G. (2010) Psychology and Labour Experience: Birth as a Peak Experience. In: Walsh, D and Downe, S. (eds.) Essential Midwifery Practice. Chichester: Blackwell Publishing.
Tew, M. (1998) Safer Childbirth? A critical history of maternity care. 3rd ed: Free Association Books.
Üvnas-Moberg, K. (2009) Oxitocina: la hormona de la calma, el amor y la sanación. Barcelona: Ediciones Obelisco.
Üvnas-Moberg, K and Petersson, M. (2006) Antistress, Well-Being, Empathy and Social Support. In: Arnetz, B and Ekman, R (ed) Stress in Health and Disease. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag Gmbh & Co.
Uvnäs-Moberg, K., Arn, I. and Magnusson, D. (2005) The psychobiology of emotion: The role of oxytocinergic system. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 12 (2), p.59-65.
Uvnäs-Moberg, K. and Petersson, M. (2005) Oxytocin, a mediator of anti-stress, well-being, social interaction, growth and healing. Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, 51 (1), p.57-80.
Valdés, V; Morlans, X. (2005) Aportes de las doulas a la obstetricia moderna. Revista chilena de obstericia y ginecologia 70 (2), p: 108-112.
Ven den Berg, I. (2008) Effectiveness of acupuncture-type interventions versus expectant management to correct breech presentation: A Systematic review. Complementary Therapies Med. 16, p.92-100
Van den Bergh, BRH., Mulder, EJH., Mennes, M. and Glover, V. (2005) Antenatal maternal anxiety and stress and the neurobehavioural development of the fetus and child: links and possible mechanisms. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 29 (2), p.237-258.
Vas, I., Aranda, JM., Barón, M., Perea-Milla, E., Méndez, C., Ramírez, C., Aguilar, I., Modesto, M., Lara, AM., Martos, F y Gracía-Ruiz, AJ. (2008) Correcting non cephalic presentation with moxibustion: study protocol for a multi-centre randomised controlled trial in general practice. BMC Complementary Alternative Medicine, 8 (22).
Verny, T; Kelly, J. (1982) The secret life of the unborn child: How you can prepare your baby for a happy, healthy life. New York: Dell Trade Paperback
Wallace, M (2001) The Midwifery directives (80/154/EEC and 80/155/ECC). In: The European Union standards for nursing and midwifery: information for accesión countries. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe: 6-8.
Waites, B. (2003) Breech birth. London: Free Association Books.
Walsh, D. (2002) Fear of labour and birth. British Journal of Midwifery, 10 (2), p.78.
Walsh, D. (2010) Birth environment. In: Walsh, D. and Downe, S. (eds.) Essential Midwifery Practice: Intrapartum Care. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
World Health Organisation (1997). Care in normal birth: a practical guide. Report of a Technical Working group. Ginebra: WHO
Word Health Organisation (2010) Caesarean section withoutmedical indication increases risk of short-term adverse outcomes for mothers. WHO.
Wilkins, R. (2000) Poor Relations: the paucity of the professional paradigm. In: Kirkham, M. (ed) The Midwife-Mother Relationship. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press LTD.
Windle, RJ., Gamble, LE., Kershaw, YM., Wood,. SA., Lightman, SL. and Ingram, CD. (2006) Gonadal steroid modulation of stress-induced Hypothalamo-Pituitary-Adrenal activity and anxiety behaviour: role of central oxytocin. Endocrinology, 147 (5), p. 2423-2431.
Xun, L. (2009) Moxibustion and other acupuncture point stimulation methods to treat Breech presentation: a Systematic Review of clinical Trials. Chinese Medicine 4 (4).
Young, LJ. (2009) Being human. Love: Neuroscience reveals all. Nature, 457 (7226), p.148.
Zak, PJ., Stanton, AA. and Ahmadi, S. (2007) Oxytocin increases generosity in humans. PloS ONE [online], 2 (11), 7 November 2007. Available from: <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2040517/pdf/pone.0001128.pdf> [Accessed 13 October 2011].